(Detail from Proserpina)
As gouache (including gouache, or Gouasche, from the Italian guazzo, ie "Pool") is a painting with mostly opaque, water-colors of light. Gouache paints, which the industry especially for this purpose are produced, are among the water colors, because they have water to paint. Unlike in a watercolor, gouache and white image as a color. The gouache paints are usually opaque and are applied then rather dull. They illuminate not like watercolor paints, transparent lasierend painted. The gouache paint can as opposed to watercolor painting vermalt be pasty. This creates Malspuren such as furrows and Farbgrate as for acrylic or oil painting.
The following is one of many methods shown how a gouache picture. As with all the artistic images, the technique is only a means to an end ...
Gouache Color - Features and characteristics
Gouache paint is like all the colors of a pigment and a binder. As a water-soluble binder is used in industrially produced gouache paint usually used gum arabic. In addition, usually a extenders such as chalk. The paint gets on the one hand their opaque effect, and the other is to derive a "Dickheit," a pasty color possible.
Missfeldt uses for his cartoon images gouache and watercolor paints. The color white is in gouache painting of considerable importance, therefore, you should purchase first-class quality at eight (eg, titanium white). As it often is mixed with other colors, a yellow white, the whole picture changed. Sometimes uses Mißfeldt to gouache painting and water color from a "cheap" school Tuschkasten. This has much less in comparison with more pigments and binders and extenders (which explains the low price). It is thus significantly matter, what specifically can be used. However, it should be noted that these cost-effective color often are not very lightfast and over time nachdunkeln or even change their color. In particular, the opaque white ink from the boxes is small and yellow color quickly.
In the following tutorial is the creation of a gouache image presented. This is an example of a cartoon Mißfeldts images used: The Giraffe Proserpina.
Step 1: Sketching and Unterdrawing
First, the picture is broadly on a sheet of paper with a pencil (or softer B2) loosely sketched. Since the gouache paint coverage of the final image will remain no trace of Vorzeichnung visible.
After the underpainting Vorzeichnung follows. With a bright ocher, sometimes up to a dark brown, the complete Malgrund with an 20s hair brush zugemalt. The paint is not covering, but lasierend painted. Then the shadow of Inkarnats (the skin), the brightness of the window and the lights of this painted robe. The accompaniment is used initially in the mid to image, from which then to bright or dark weitergemalt will.
The subsequent procedure is usually as follows: For opaque color is painted brightly after dark. Nothing is worse than a track in an opaque surface, the deep to be. If the colors but only lasierend be applied, eg in bright light lots of light to dark painted. So, usually starting with about oragnge yellow / ocher out on green or red to blue (or, depending on the brightness of the color). Then the sheet of paper 24 hours pressed and dried: it is between two dry, clean sheets of paper laid, wrapped in newsprint and on a table with a solid wood or glass documented. This plate is then complains with weights (20 kg).
Step 2: Coarse distribution of color
Layers of gouache color
In this first stage is the entire background again with a dark brown overpainted been. The skin will receive an additional colors, as well as the garment. The color is still fairly coarse sit side by side. The gouache paint is during this time-steps has not completely opaque, but still large area and partly lasierend used. At this stage the painting is about the creation of a picture frame. There are still preliminary Malschichten.
It is important enough color from the box (I use the watercolor box of paint) on the paper. If too little is gouache paint, dissolves in the subsequent mixing of the relatively light color on the paper. The worse the paper, the more evident mutilated bodies. The result are little scraps of paper, which roll up and Schmirgelsand like glue on the sheet. The power brush for this step is between 5 and 10 brushes, depending on image size. Again, the paper is dried and pressed.
Step 3: light / dark distribution - light and shadow
Painting Gouache Details
In this work phase, the light-dark surfaces prepared: For the most lush and deep-dark area to maintain, take the color black as an additive at best. The really dark areas can be explained by superimposition of magenta-red, green tree (or so), and ultramarine blue to create. Mißfeldt usually works with a watercolor box and tubes of gouache Schmick. The quality is very good. There are certainly other manufacturers, watercolor and gouache paints of comparable quality (eg Gerstaecker, Lukas or Lascaux). As a drawing tool used Mißfeldt predominantly Rotmarder brush of Da Vinci. For the brush finen are also synthetic brush is sufficient.
In the picture of Proserpina, the dark background at the end of warm and cozy effect (bissel just such a fairy-tale princesses castle). Therefore, first directly from the box or the green and blue tube is applied, which on paper is mixed coarse. On the bright colors are now the first details ready: The hands, face, left the ivy. The garment has its "natural color" so that it is in the following from the chiaroscuro out can be modeled. Then the image is pressed again.
Step 4: Plasticity and brilliance
The surfaces are covered with gouache paint. Now you can with a fine hair brush, with only water is wet, the colors on the sheet and moisten mix. Importantly, this process again and again to cleanse the water. At best you have at least two or three glasses of water ready. Otherwise it can easily come to a graying. One must gouache images are not always dull and gray paint.
But even so there will always be something grayish. The different colors are losing the natural mixture of brilliance. It is then the lots at the end of bright color should be careful again lasierend a pure color with watercolor paints darübergelegt. So one can selectively image individual lots a glowing radiance and color brilliance give. Even the dark areas are here with a mixture of paper between the magenta-red and brown ocher over again and now have the depth of warm, they should have. With a share of cheap ink color box, these games matter us much more brittle. A special kind of color, the colors bright with something on drying. In painting, the colors darker and stronger. The gouache painting requires so much practice and experience.
Step 5: Details and subtleties
Now the details are painted. Mißfeldt always paints from difficult to simple. In the exemplary image gouache First ivy, hands and face. This cape has a lot of time. That would not have been necessary. No matter.
For the hair, and reflections can be 0.5er with a paint brush. It is important that the brush is not frayed. This happens through improper care or brush-through improper storage or color such as "scrubbing to metal bracket.
The water color gouache paint brigt no risk, you can practically do no wrong. It requires a lot of practice and experience to the full range of colors Gouache auszureizen. Over time, growing experience with gouache paint. The painting is so much easier. Since the colors are water soluble, you can jderzeit correct. This can also be on the picture as a work of art concentrate. Hopefully, this tutorial on painting with gouache paint helped. Good luck.
Martin Mißfeldt, 2006 December